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Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is one of the most common condition seen in cats.  It can quickly turn into a life-or-death situation for your cat, especially if there’s a blockage caused by crystals or stones.  When there is a total blockage, death can occur within 72 hours if left untreated.

Warning Signs of FLUTD

Make sure you get your cat to the vet or emergency centre ASAP if you see any of the following signs:

   peeing outside of the litter box
blood in urine
small amounts of urine voided in each attempt
crying out while attempting to pee
not being able to pee
excessive licking of genitals
not eating or drinking
   yowling while moving

These signs will generally occur regardless if the urinary tract disease is due to infection or crystals/stones.


So what is FLUTD?

Feline LUTD is a term used to describe a collection of conditions that can affect the bladder/urethra.  There are many possible causes, and cats usually show signs of difficulty and pain when urinating.  Affected cats tend to lick their genital area excessively, and sometimes urinate outside of their litter box.

The condition can be seen in cats of any age, but it is frequently seen in middle-aged over-weight cats, which get little exercise, use an indoor litter box with restricted/no access outside and eat a dry diet.  Environmental or stress factors can also increase risk for LUTD – such as interactions with owners, multi-cat households & changes in routine.

What can you do to prevent FLUTD?
   Feed small meals on a regular basis
  Provide clean & fresh water at all times
  If using indoor litter boxes, make sure you provide enough (usually one more than the number of cats in the household)
  Keep litter boxes in quiet, safe areas of the house
  Keep litter boxes clean
  Minimize major changes in routine
  If your cat has previously had formed blockages, feed a diet which promotes acidic urine (this may be a prescribed medicated diet, although many commercial diets also meet this criteria - talk with your local vet).

Treatment includes catheterizing to drain the bladder, medication to dissolve stones or blockages, and in severe or recurring cases surgery.

If you think your kitty has any signs of FLUTD, don’t wait around... talk to your vet today!

(This information should not replace the advice of your vet)


Does your cat ever strain to urinate? Our friends at
Pet-n-Sur tell us why this is a warning sign you shouldn’t ignore…

Tobasco the cat had life threatening LUTD. Pet-n-Sur insurance meant he was able to have life saving surgery
Tobasco Hammarsal is a cuddly 6yr old neutered ginger moggy – who one late night was straining to urinate.  His owners noticed and were worried, doing the right thing they immediately took him to their local emergency vet clinic.

It wasn’t good news – the vet quickly examined Tobasco and determined he had a blocked bladder (FLUTD) and needed immediate surgery.  Lucky for Tobasco his owners discovered him straining, as the vet said that if they had not taken him to the emergency vet right away, he would have been dead in less than 24 hours.  Poor Tobasco was in hospital for well over a week.

The condition he had is deadly, but if caught in time, is totally curable.  He is now on a special diet and doing really well! 

Tobasco’s owners own words say it best:
“I just remember the look of relief on the vet’s face when we told her we had Pet-n-Sur.  The emergency service isn’t cheap, but Tobasco would have suffered horribly and probably died if we waited to take him to the normal vet in the morning.  We have Pet-n-Sur so we never have to debate over whether or not our pet needs to die because we can’t afford the vet bills.  There is no question in our minds that the monthly premiums we pay not only bring us peace of mind, but safety and security for our beloved Tobasco.
Thanks Pet-n-Sur!” 

If you would like peace & mind for your furbaby, click here to get a free quote from Pet-n-Sur

Petsonthenet recommends Pet-n-Sur for all the pets in your family.

Pet-n-Sur helps to financially support Petsonthenet and other highly valued animal welfare organisations in NZ -  NZ Companion Animal Council, and LandSAR.
This support helps us at Petsonthenet to continue to help reunite and rehome thousands of pets each year in NZ and in turn we help support the over 50,000 site visitors who rely on our online community service each month.

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